While genetics plays a very major role in your skin’s appearance, hormonal changes, dietary habits and the environment also all affect your skin’s behavior. In order to properly care for your skin and also to adjust your skincare regimen to suit the changes in your skin’s condition it is important that you know your skin type. Several methods are available to show you how to tell your skin type.
There are basically 5 skin types and each of them have their different characteristics. They are;
1, Dry Skin
2, Oily Skin
3, Combination Skin
4, Normal Skin and
5, Sensitive Skin
As I stated earlier, there are several ways by which you can determine your skin type. The two methods which I shall explain below would go a long way in giving your an idea of which category your skin falls under.
(1) The Face- Cleansing Method
What you need to do here is to first use a make up remover to remove all traces of makeup from your entire face. In the process of this all dirt and oil on your face will also be cleaned. Then wet your face with some warm water.
After this put a little gentle face cleanser on your palm. Massage all area of your face with the cleanser using your finger tips. Thoroughly rinse your face with warm water and pat dry with a clean towel. Leave face bare of any moisturizer or face treatment. Donot even touch with your hands so as not to dirty it. Then wait for an hour and examine your face.
(a) Examine Your Face In The Mirror
The condition of your skin upon examination in the mirror after cleansing is a pointer to your skin type
Dry Skin: Your face is reddish and flaky all over
Oily Skin: Every part of your face is Oily and shinny.
Combination Skin: Your nose and forehead are Oily but your cheek and chin are dry
Normal Skin: Your face is neither oily nor shinny nor is it dry
Sensitive Skin: There are dry patches on your skin. It feels itchy plus it is reddish and irritated
(b) Look At Your Pore Size
The sizes of the pores would give you an idea of your skin type
Dry Skin: Your pores are not visible
Oily Skin: Your pores are large
Combination Skin: Your pores are of different sizes, large on the T-zone but not large on the cheek and chin
Normal Skin: Your pores are visible but not large
Sensitive Skin: Your pores are normal or large depending on the day and whether there is reaction to the products used
(c) Notice How Your Skin Feels
Dry Skin: After cleansing your skin feels taut or tight
Oily Skin: Your skin feels clean and oil-free but the oil returns as the day progresses
Combination Skin: Your skin feels clean and oil-free around the nose but is taut and dry around the cheeks and chin
Normal Skin: Your skin does not feel patched or sensitive but rather feels clean and clear
Sensitive Skin: The skin feels clean and a little dry but itchy and irritated in reaction to the products used
In addition to the foregoing you may also pinch your skin to determine if it is dry or oily from its reaction to the pressure. If it wrinkles as a result of the pressure applied, it is a dry skin but if it remains smooth, it is an oily skin.
(2) The Cellotape Method
This method, though not as comprehensive as the first in the sense that it does not disclose the characteristics of either the sensitive or normal skins, is also useful
What you need to do under this method is simply wash your face with a gentle face soap and warm water and pat dry.
Then cut three pieces of transparent sticky tape of 3 centimeters in length each. Paste one on the center of your forehead. Ensure to rob on it gently in order to smooth out any air bubbles. Paste the other two in like manner each on your cheek and on the bridge of your nose.
Then remove them carefully so as not to hurt yourself and examine the sticky sides
Dry Skin: If there are flakes on them
Oily Skin: If there are droplets of oil on them
Combination Skin: A little of both.
Some Characteristics Of Every Skin Type
There are some other behaviors peculiar to the various skin types by which you can identify them. This list as I have made below are however not exhaustive. There may still be other features not contained here but those contained below are also to further guide you in your efforts to ascertain your skin type.
Dry Skin has nothing to do with lack of moisture but the ability of the outer layer of the skin to maintain stable moisture level. It is characterized by red patches, rough complexion with visible lines.
It is prone to wrinkling. This is because of its lack of elasticity as it does not contain enough oil. It usually feels taut or tight after cleansing all day long. Due to the fact that it is dehydrated it sometimes looks flaky or scaly with invisible pores.
The oily skin is shinny. This condition is often worsened by hormonal changes in the body or by over-treatment with high-alcoholic content products. It is prone to pimples or acne at any age
You may suffer from blackheads and breakouts as well as spots as a result of enlarged pores which easily gets clogged leading to these breakouts. Your skin becomes greasy a few hours after washing.
This skin type is usually trickish to identify because it features two or more types of skins at once.
Its main characteristic is oiliness at the T-zone and dryness or normal skin elsewhere. People with this skin type have large pores which can be clogged around the T-zone often leading to breakouts, and small pores around the cheeks. Because the skin around the cheeks and chin are often dry they usually experience tautness or dryness around those areas immediately after cleansing.
This type of skin is usually free of all the problems experienced by other skin types. This makes it easier and cheaper to maintain. It features small pores that are not easily noticeable. This skin tone is generally even with no marked blemishes. The complexion It bright and radiant.
It normally does not react to skin care products therefore dryness and red patches are not common. It normally exhibits few lines and wrinkles.
This skin type is usually easily irritated by skin care products used which manifests in form of redness, itchiness and rashes. It is prone to allergies as a result of changes in temperature and exposure to dirt.
Now that you know your skin type you may now go ahead and choose products and adopt the beauty and skin care routine that is suitable for that skin type.
I hope that this article has been of immense help to you. But if you are still not sure of your skin type I suggest you visit your dermatologist who would provide answers to your questions.
If you have any questions about this topic, please leave them below and I will be too happy to get back to you.