How To Tell Your Skin Type

While genetics plays a very major role in your skin’s appearance, hormonal changes, dietary habits and the environment also all affect your skin’s behavior. In order to properly care for your skin and also to adjust your skincare regimen to suit the changes in your skin’s condition it is important that you know your skin type. Several methods are available to show you how to tell your skin type.

There are basically 5 skin types and each of them have their different characteristics. They are;

1, Dry Skin

2, Oily Skin

3, Combination Skin

4, Normal Skin and

5, Sensitive Skin

As I stated earlier, there are several ways by which you can determine your skin type. The two methods which I shall explain below would go a long  way in giving your an idea of which category your skin falls under.


(1) The Face- Cleansing Method

What you need to do here is to first use a make up remover to remove all traces of makeup from your entire face. In the process of this all dirt and oil on your face will also be cleaned. Then wet your face with some warm water.

After this put a little gentle face cleanser on your palm. Massage all area of your face with the cleanser using your finger tips. Thoroughly rinse your face with warm water and pat dry with a clean towel. Leave face bare of any moisturizer or face treatment. Donot even touch  with your hands so as not to dirty it. Then wait for an hour and examine your face.


(a) Examine Your Face In The Mirror

The condition of your skin upon examination in the mirror after cleansing is a pointer to your skin type

Dry Skin:   Your face is reddish and flaky all over

Oily Skin:   Every part of your face is Oily and shinny.

Combination Skin:   Your nose and forehead are Oily but your cheek and chin are dry

Normal Skin:   Your face is neither oily nor shinny nor is it dry

Sensitive Skin:   There are dry patches on your skin. It feels itchy plus it is reddish and irritated


(b) Look At Your Pore Size

The sizes of the pores would give you an idea of your skin type

Dry Skin:   Your pores are not visible

Oily Skin:   Your pores are large

Combination Skin:   Your pores are of different sizes,  large on the T-zone but not large on the cheek and chin

Normal Skin:   Your pores are visible but not large

Sensitive Skin:   Your pores are normal or large depending on the day and whether there is reaction to the products used


(c) Notice How Your Skin Feels

Dry Skin:   After cleansing your skin feels taut or tight

Oily Skin:   Your skin feels clean and oil-free but the oil returns as the day progresses

Combination Skin:   Your skin feels clean and oil-free around the nose but is taut and dry around the cheeks and chin

Normal Skin:   Your skin does not feel patched or sensitive but rather feels clean and clear

Sensitive Skin:  The skin feels clean and a little dry but itchy and irritated in reaction to the products used

In addition to the foregoing you may also pinch your skin to determine if it is dry or oily from its reaction to the pressure. If it wrinkles as a result of the pressure applied, it is a dry skin but if it remains smooth, it is an oily skin.


(2) The Cellotape Method

This method, though not as comprehensive as the first in the sense that it does not disclose the characteristics of either the sensitive or normal skins, is also useful

What you need to do under this method is simply wash your face with a gentle face soap and warm water and pat dry.

Then cut three pieces of transparent sticky tape of 3 centimeters in length each. Paste one on the center of your forehead. Ensure to rob on it gently in order to smooth out any air bubbles. Paste the other two in like manner each on your cheek and on the bridge of your nose.

Then remove them carefully so as not to hurt yourself and examine the sticky sides


The Result

Dry Skin:   If there are flakes on them

Oily Skin:   If there are droplets of oil on them

Combination Skin:   A little of both.


Some Characteristics Of Every Skin Type

There are some other behaviors peculiar to the various skin types by which you can identify them. This list as I have made below are however not exhaustive. There may still be other features not contained here but those contained below are also to further guide  you in your efforts to ascertain your skin type.

Dry Skin

Dry Skin has nothing to do with lack of moisture but the ability of the outer layer of the skin to maintain stable moisture level. It is characterized by red patches, rough complexion with visible lines.

It is prone to wrinkling. This is because of its lack of elasticity as it does not contain enough oil. It usually feels taut or tight after cleansing all day long. Due to the fact that it is dehydrated it sometimes looks flaky or scaly with invisible pores.

Oily Skin

The oily skin is shinny. This condition is often worsened by hormonal changes in the body or by over-treatment with high-alcoholic content products. It is prone to pimples or acne at any age

You may suffer from blackheads and breakouts as well as spots as a result of enlarged pores which easily gets clogged leading to these breakouts. Your skin becomes greasy a few hours after washing.

Combination Skin

This skin type is usually trickish to identify because it features two or more types of skins at once.

Its main characteristic is oiliness at the T-zone and dryness or normal skin elsewhere. People with this skin type have large pores which can be clogged around the T-zone often leading to breakouts, and small pores around the cheeks. Because the skin around the cheeks and chin are often dry they usually experience tautness or dryness around those areas immediately after cleansing.

Normal Skin

This type of skin is usually free of all the problems experienced by other skin types. This makes it easier and cheaper to maintain. It features small pores that are not easily noticeable. This skin tone is generally even with no marked blemishes. The complexion It bright and radiant.

It normally does not react to skin care products therefore dryness and red patches are not common. It normally exhibits few lines and wrinkles.

Sensitive Skin

This skin type is usually easily irritated by skin care products used which manifests in form of redness, itchiness and rashes. It is prone to allergies as a result of changes in temperature and exposure to dirt.



Now that you know your skin type you may now go ahead and choose products and adopt the beauty and skin care routine that is suitable for that skin type.

I hope that this article has been of immense help to you. But if you are still not sure of your skin type I suggest you  visit your dermatologist who would provide answers to your questions.

If you have any questions about this topic, please leave them below and I will be too happy to get back to you.














2 Comments on “How To Tell Your Skin Type”

  1. Thanks for stopping by. Indeed there are more skin types than even the ones mentioned here, only that the ones not mentioned are the uncommon ones. I intend to do another article featuring those in the future.
    Many blessings.

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