There are a lot of skin care products that are touted as anti-aging but you do not see any results after using them. This is often the case when the relevant ingredients are not included in those formulations. Knowing the best ingredients for aging skin and watching out for them when buying anti-aging skin care products would go a long way in helping you avoid situations of this nature.
According to recommendations by top dermatologists, the following ingredients are among those that work best as anti-agers:
Retinol is a form of retinoids, vitamin A derivatives. It is an antioxidant which combats and neutralizes the effects of free radicals on your skin the signs of which include under eye puffiness, wrinkles and fine lines. Retinol also stimulates cell turnover thereby helping to not only improve and smoothen your skin texture and brighten your complexion but also unclog your pores making them look smaller and reducing acne.
Another form of retinoid which has the same effect as retinol in skin care products is Retin-A (or Tretinoin). They are effective in stimulating collagen production to give you a younger, smoother-looking skin
Retinoids have been shown to be the most tested and proven anti-aging ingredients by the medical community.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)
Also known as Ubiquinone or Vit Q, coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant which the body makes naturally. It is present in every cell of the body but decreases with age when the ability of the body to produce it weakens. They are included in skin care products to enhance the skin’s power to rejuvenate and protect itself from damage and to produce collagen and elastin to help strengthen and firm up the skin.
This, therefore, gives rise to the need to supplement this substance in the skin by the use of products containing coenzyme Q10.
In order for your skin to be healthy and to maximally perform its function as a preventive barrier for the body, it needs vitamins the lack of which can have some adverse consequence on it. As you may know, they can be gotten from the food we eat, and also from topical application of skin care products.
However, not all vitamins are important for skin health. The relevant ones are as follows:
Vitamin C (or Ascorbic Acid) is an antioxidant which is contained in skin care products to help protects the skin from environmental pollutants. It stimulates collagen production by the skin to minimize wrinkles and fine lines thereby warding off signs of aging. The vitamin may help protect skin from sun damage and also help to repair and prevent dry skin and brighten the skin
This nutrient is an antioxidant that prevents free radical damage responsible for aging of the skin cells. It is a nutrient that is included in skin care products to moisturize and soften the skin. Vitamin E oil, for instance, when topically applied can reduce the effects of free radical damage like wrinkles and fine lines.
It encourages the production of collagen and aids regeneration of skin cells resulting in a brighter skin tone. In addition, it treats dry skin and works as a great facial cleanser.
This fantastic skin care ingredient, though often overlooked plays an important role in the health and beauty of your skin. Among the diverse benefits that if offers your skin, vitamin K works to strengthen the skin’s resiliency.
Found in skin care products, it minimizes scars and fades stretch marks. Also, it can help combat skin problems such as dark circles and spider veins
Fondly referred to as an all-round ingredient for anti-aging and skin health, vitamin B3 ( niacinamide and nicotinic acid) is an ingredient that possesses several benefits for aging skin. Studies have shown that when included in skin care products, it not only minimizes the appearance of lines and wrinkles but can also perform other functions like treating and preventing hyperpigmentation and boosting immunity of the skin
These are a group of natural and synthetic ingredients that can exfoliate the uppermost layer of skin to reveal a fresher, smoother, and younger-looking skin. Hydroxy acid is classified into Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA).
According to Wikipedia, these organic compounds most commonly used in skin care products are derived from food products in the following forms:
- Glycolic acid: Derived from sugar cane
- Lactic acid: Derived from sour milk
- Malic acid: Derived from apples
- Citric acid: Derived from citrus fruits
- Tartaric acid: Derived from grape wine
- Mandelic acid: Derived from bitter almonds
These ingredients, says the FDA, may be listed on skin care products label as:
- Salicylic acid
- Beta hydroxybutanoic acid
- Tropic acid and
- Trethocanic acid
Though both AHA and BHA are different in that some are more suitable for dry skin and others for oily skin, they are similar in the sense that they are both exfoliants, and are included in skin care products to make the skin look and feel firmer, hydrate the skin and reduce the look of fine lines and wrinkles among other benefits.
It is to be noted however that certain precautions need to be taken when using products containing these acids. The reason is that these exfoliants can make the skin photosensitive. It is therefore recommended that you use a broad spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun
The FDA advises additional precaution when using these acids such as doing a patch test before use and following the instructions on the label
Green and black tea extracts are naturally rich in antioxidants and are known for their several skin benefits. When included in skin care products it can help to reduce wrinkles, slow down aging to make you look younger.
This ingredient is particularly good for oily skin due to its ability to reduce oiliness in skin, shrink pores size and reduce your skin’s sebum production. It can also help treat skin problems such as acne and uneven skin tone.
Peptides are amino acids which are added to skin care products as anti-aging ingredients to boost collagen production resulting in a firm healthy skin.
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed extract in your skin care products offers your skin so many benefits as it contains many powerful nutrients which are all geared towards giving you a healthier, more radiant and hydrated complexion. Its antioxidant properties can protect your skin from damage and premature aging signs like fine lines and wrinkles
Hyaluronic acid (Hyaluronan or Sodium Hyaluronate) is a powerful humectant that has a great capacity to hold water thereby keeping the skin plump, hydrated and younger looking. When included in skin care products, it moisturizes and hydrates the skin while its antioxidant properties help protect the skin from free radical damage.
Plant Stem Cells
Plant stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can divide to produce more stem cells or become specialized cells. This ingredient is naturally derived from flowers, fruits, and other plant sources. Plant stem cell contains strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties thereby helping to protect the skin against sun damage and prevent wrinkles.
Each plant cell performs a different function and is included in a product for that specific purpose. But generally, they help to stimulate better skin cell turnover as well as promote the production of new collagen resulting in a more youthful skin, plus a lot of other benefits when added to skin care products.
Snail Slime Or Extract
Snail slime or extract, which has of recent been gaining rapid popularity as a powerful skincare ingredient, is a mucus that is produced by snails and other gastropods. It is touted as anti-aging and can be found in several skin care products ranging from creams to serum.
Used in cosmetic products, this slimy secretion by the snail can boost substances such as hyaluronic acid, glycolic acid, antimicrobial and copper peptides to provide hydrating, anti-oxidizing and recovering properties to afford your skin a glowing youthful complexion and improve wrinkles and fine lines, says Wikipedia
Plant oils, being used in modern skin care products, are oils derived from plant sources. They have a high concentration of active ingredients which are delivered to your skin by their inclusion in skin care products. Because plant oils have a molecular structure similar to our skin sebum they are readily accepted and absorbed by the skin.
They won’t clog or irritate pores and are suitable for all skin types.
Plant oils that are commonly found in skin care product include coconut oil, argan oil, olive oil, jojoba oil, lavender oil, rose hip seed oil, and avocado oil. These oils have a lot of health beneficial ingredients which include vitamins, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, and minerals and have been shown to be beneficial to the skin in several ways as well
Things To Bear In Mind When Picking Products
Now that you know the ingredients that are crucial to your success in your anti-aging efforts you also need to bear the following factors in mind when picking products for this purpose:
The Order Of Listing Of The ingredients
By the FDA cosmetics labeling regulations, the ingredients in a product are required to be listed in descending order with those having the most concentration at the top. However, when the ingredients are in a concentration of less than 1%, the manufacturer may list them in any order that he please him.
Thus, if an ingredient is listed at the very bottom of the list, then it may not be very effective. In the same vein, when ingredients capable of irritating the skin, like alcohol, appear high up on the list, you would do well to avoid the product. The exception to this rule is color ingredients which are listed at the end
Name Of The Ingredient
Plant ingredients are usually listed by their Latin names then followed by their common name in bracket. Very often, however, you would come across names that are complex and difficult to understand or even pronounce. In such a situation you may have recourse to databases such as EWG’s Skin Deep Cosmetics Database ewg.org/skindeep and cosmeticinfo.org for assistance in understanding the ingredient.
Cost Of Product
The cost of a product is not a determinant of its efficacy. Some cheap products may sometimes work better than costly ones depending on the quality of ingredients used.
Give It Time
Do not expect to see results the moment you begin to use anti-aging products even if they contain the best ingredients. It will take a few weeks for results to show. Thus, you’d have to exercise some patience. Over time and with consistent use, you are bound to see results.
It is very important that you know this. People have different skin types, so, a product that works for one may not work for another. In such a situation, it is advised that you try another as there are bound to be those that would do for you.
The ingredients that are included in the formulation of products that you use in your anti-aging skin care is very important to your success. And knowing the specific ones that have anti-aging benefits and how to look for them on such products and in what concentration is equally important just as is your frequency of use and for how long crucial to your anti-aging efforts.
It is our hope that the guides given in this article would be very helpful to you the next time you go shopping for anti-aging products.
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